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UPSC Mains Social Justice Previous Year Questions

UPSC Mains Social Justice Previous Year Questions

Social Justice Topic Wise PYQs (2018-2023)

10] GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND INTERVENTIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT IN VARIOUS SECTORS AND ISSUES ARISING OUT OF THEIR DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  1. The Gati-Shakti Yojana needs meticulous coordination between the government and the private sector to achieve the goal of connectivity. Discuss. [2022/Q6/10m/150w]
  2. ‘In the context of the neo-liberal paradigm of developmental planning, multi-level planning is expected to make operations cost-effective and remove many implementation blockages’- Discuss [2019/Q16/15m/200w]
  3. “Policy contradictions among various competing sectors and stakeholders have resulted in inadequate ‘protection and prevention of degradation to environment.” Comment with relevant illustrations. [2018/Q6/10m/150w]

11] DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES AND THE DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRY – THE ROLE OF NGOS, SHGS, VARIOUS GROUPS AND ASSOCIATIONS, DONORS, CHARITIES, INSTITUTIONAL AND OTHER STAKEHOLDERS

  1. Do you agree with view that increasing dependence on donor agencies for development reduces the importance of community participation in the development process? Justify your answer. [2022/Q17/15m/250w]
  2. Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples. [2021/Q8/10m/150w]
  3. Can Civil Society and Non-Governmental Organizations present an alternative model of public service delivery to benefit the common citizen. Discuss the challenges of this alternative model. [2021/Q18/15m/250w]
  4. “Micro-Finance as an anti-poverty vaccine, is aimed at asset creation and income security of the rural poor in India.” Evaluate the role of the Self Help Groups in achieving the twin objectives along with empowering women in rural India.   [2020/Q17/15m/200w]
  5. The need for cooperation among various service sectors has been an inherent component of development discourse. Partnership bridges the gap among the sectors. It also sets in motion a culture of ‘collaboration’ and ‘team spirit’. In the light of statements above examine India’s development process. [2019/Q17/15m/200w]

12] WELFARE SCHEMES FOR VULNERABLE SECTIONS OF THE POPULATION BY THE CENTRE AND STATES AND THE PERFORMANCE OF THESE SCHEMES, MECHANISMS, LAWS, INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES CONSTITUTED FOR THE PROTECTION AND BETTERMENT OF THESE VULNERABLE SECTIONS

  1. “Development and welfare schemes for the vulnerable, by its nature, are discriminatory in approach.” Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer. [2023/Q17/15m/200w]
  2. The Right of Person with Disabilities Act, 2016 remains only a legal document without intense sensitisation of government functionaries and citizens regarding disability. Comment. [2022/Q7/10m/150w]
  3. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 remains inadequate in promoting incentive-based system for children’s education without generating awareness about the importance of schooling. Analyse. [2022/Q18/15m/250w]
  4. “Though women in post-Independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu? [2021/Q17/15m/250w]
  5. Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) based projects/programmes usually suffers in terms of certain vital factors. Identify these factors and suggest measures for their effective implementation. [2019/Q8/10m/150w]
  6. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to the absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of the policy process. Discuss [2019/Q18/15m/200w]

13] ISSUES RELATING TO DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF SOCIAL SECTOR / SERVICES RELATED TO HEALTH, EDUCATION, HUMAN RESOURCES

  1. The crucial aspect of development process has been the inadequate attention paid to Human Resource Development in India. Suggest measures that can address this adequacy. [2023/Q6/10m/150w]
  2. Skill development programs have succeed in increasing human resources supply to various sectors. In the context of the statement analyze the linkages between education, skill and employment. [2023/Q18/15m/200w]
  3. Besides the welfare schemes, India needs deft management of inflation and unemployment to serve the poor and the underprivileged sections of the society. Discuss. [2022/Q16/15m/250w]
  4. “Besides being a moral imperative of Welfare State, primary health structure is a necessary pre-condition for sustainable development.” Analyze. [2021/Q6/10m/150w]
  5. “ ‘Earn while you learn’ scheme needs to be strengthened to make vocational education and skill training meaningful.” Comment. [2021/Q7/10m/150w]
  6. Has digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, coupled with lack of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development? Examine with justification. [2021/Q16/15m/250w]
  7. In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate health care policies are needed particularly in the fields of geriatric and maternal health care. Discuss.   [2020/Q6/10m/150w]
  8. National Education Policy 2020 is in conformity with the Sustainable Development Goal-4 (2030). It intends to restructure and reorient education system in India. Critically examine this statement.   [2020/Q18/15m/200w]
  9. Despite Consistent experience of high growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive. [2019/Q6/10m/150w]
  10. Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain. [2018/Q7/10m/150w]

14] ISSUES RELATING TO POVERTY AND HUNGER

  1. “The incedence and intensity of poverty are more important in determining poverty based on income alone.” In this context analyse the latest United Nations Multidimensional Poverty Index Report.   [2020/Q16/15m/200w]
  2. There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on non-food essential items squeezing their food-budget – Elucidate. [2019/Q7/10m/150w]
  3. How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India? [2018/Q17/15m/200w]
UPSC Prelims PYQ Book Image
UPSC Prelims PYQ Book
  • Collection of more than 3200 Previous Year Questions (1995-2023)
  • All questions divided into 10 Subjects
  • Subject further sub-divided into more than 75 topics
  • All answers according to official answer key
  • BEST PYQ CLASSIFICATION EVER !
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