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UPSC Mains Indian Economy Previous Year Questions

UPSC Mains Indian Economy Previous Year Questions

Indian Economy Topic Wise PYQs (2018-2023)

1] INDIAN ECONOMY AND ISSUES RELATED TO PLANNING, MOBILIZATION OF RESOURCES, GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT

  1. Faster economic growth requires increased share of the manufacturing sector in GDP, particularly of MSMEs. Comment on the present policies of the Government in this regard. [2023/Q1/10m/150w]
  2. What is the status of digitalization in the Indian economy? Examine the problems faced in this regard and suggest improvements. [2023/Q2/10m/150w]
  3. Most of the unemployment in India is structural in nature. Examine the methodology adopted to compute unemployment in the country and suggest improvements. [2023/Q11/15m/200w]
  4. The increase in life expectancy in the country has led to newer health challenges in the community. What are those challenges and what steps need to be taken to meet them? [2022/Q5/10m/150w]
  5. “Economic growth in the recent past has been led by increase in labour productivity.” Explain this statement. Suggest the growth pattern that will lead to creating of more jobs without compromising labour productivity. [2022/Q11/15m/250w]
  6. Explain the difference between computing methodology of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) before the year 2015 and after the year 2015. [2021/Q1/10m/150w]
  7. Do you agree that the Indian economy has recently experienced V- shapes recovery? Give reasons in support of your answer. [2021/Q11/15m/250w]
  8. Define potential GDP and explain its determinants. What are the factors that have been inhibiting India from realizing its potential GDP? [2020/Q2/10m/150w]
  9. Do you agree with the view that steady GDP growth and low inflation have left the Indian economy in good shape? Give reasons in support of your arguments.   [2019/Q2/10m/150w]
  10. “Access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy is the sine qua non to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”. Comment on the progress made in India in this regard.   [2018/Q1/10m/150w]
  11. How are the principles followed by NITI Aayog different from those followed by the erstwhile planning commission in India?  [2018/Q11/15m/200w]
  12. How would the recent phenomena of protectionism and currency manipulations in world trade affect macroeconomic stability of India?   [2018/Q12/15m/200w]

2] INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND ISSUES ARISING OUT OF IT

  1. Distinguish between ‘care economy’ and ‘monetized economy’. How can care economy be brought into monetized economy through women empowerment? [2023/Q12/15m/200w]
  2. Is inclusive growth possible under market economy? State the significance of financial inclusion in achieving economic growth in India. [2022/Q2/10m/150w]
  3. Explain intra-generational and inter-generational issues of equity from the perspective of inclusive growth and sustainable development.[2020/Q1/10m/150w]
  4. It is argued that the strategy of inclusive growth is intended to meet the objectives of inclusiveness and sustainability together. Comment on this statement.  [2019/Q11/15m/200w]

3] GOVERNMENT BUDGETING

  1. Distinguish between Capital Budget and Revenue Budget. Explain the components of both these Budgets. [2021/Q2/10m/150w]
  2. Explain the rationale behind the Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Act of 2017. How has COVID-19 impacted the GST compensation fund and created new federal tensions? [2020/Q12/15m/200w]
  3. Enumerate the indirect taxes which have been subsumed in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India. Also, comment on the revenue implications of the GST introduced in India since July 2017.   [2019/Q1/10m/150w]
  4. The public expenditure management is a challenge to the government of India in the context of budget-making during the post-liberalization period. Clarify it.  [2019/Q12/15m/200w]
  5. Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long term Capital Gains Tax (LCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019.   [2018/Q2/10m/150w]

4] MAJOR CROPS, CROPPING PATTERN IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE COUNTRY, DIFFERENT TYPES OF IRRIGATION AND IRRIGATION SYSTEMS STORAGE, TRANSPORT AND MARKETING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE AND ISSUES AND RELATED CONSTRAINS, E TECHNOLOGY IN THE AID OF FARMERS

  1. How does e-Technology help farmers in production and marketing of agricultural produce? Explain it. [2023/Q3/10m/150w]
  2. Explain the changes in cropping pattern in India in the context of changes in consumption pattern and marketing conditions. [2023/Q13/15m/200w]
  3. What are the main bottlenecks in upstream and downstream process of marketing of agricultural products in India? [2022/Q13/15m/250w]
  4. What is Integrated Farming System? How is it helpful to small and marginal farmers in India? [2022/Q14/15m/250w]
  5. How and to what extent would micro-irrigation help in solving India’s water crisis ? [2021/Q4/10m/150w]
  6. What are the present challenges before crop diversification? How do emerging technologies provide an opportunity for crop diversification? [2021/Q14/15m/250w]
  7. What are the main constraints in transport and marketing of agricultural produce in India?[2020/Q3/10m/150w]
  8. What are the major factors responsible for making rice-wheat system a success? In spite of this success how has this system become bane in India? [2020/Q13/15m/200w]
  9. Suggest measures to improve water storage and irrigation system to make its judicious use under depleting scenario. [2020/Q14/15m/200w]
  10. How far is the Integrated Farming System (IFS) helpful in sustaining agricultural production?   [2019/Q3/10m/150w]
  11. Elaborate on the impact of the National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas.   [2019/Q4/10m/150w]
  12. How was India benefitted from the contributions of Sir M.Visvesvaraya and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan in the fields of water engineering and agricultural science respectively?   [2019/Q5/10m/150w]
  13. Examine the role of supermarkets in supply chain management of fruits, vegetables and food items. How do they eliminate number of intermediaries?   [2018/Q4/10m/150w]
  14. Assess the role of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in boosting the production, productivity and income of horticulture farms. How far has it succeeded in increasing the income of farmers? [2018/Q13/15m/200w]
  15. How has the emphasis on certain crops brought about changes in cropping patterns in recent past? Elaborate the emphasis on millets production and consumption.   [2018/Q14/15m/200w]
UPSC Prelims PYQ Book Image
UPSC Prelims PYQ Book
  • Collection of more than 3200 Previous Year Questions (1995-2023)
  • All questions divided into 10 Subjects
  • Subject further sub-divided into more than 75 topics
  • All answers according to official answer key
  • BEST PYQ CLASSIFICATION EVER !

5] ISSUES RELATED TO DIRECT AND INDIRECT FARM SUBSIDIES AND MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICES; PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM- OBJECTIVES, FUNCTIONING, LIMITATIONS, REVAMPING; ISSUES OF BUFFER STOCKS AND FOOD SECURITY; TECHNOLOGY MISSIONS; ECONOMICS OF ANIMAL-REARING.

  1. What are the direct and indirect subsidies provided to farm sector in India? Discuss the issues raised by the World Trade Organization(WTP) in relation to agricultural subsidies. [2023/Q14/15m/200w]
  2. What are the major challenges of Public Distribution System (PDS) in India? How can it be made effective and transparent? [2022/Q3/10m/150w]
  3. What are the salient features of the National Food Security Act, 2013 ? How has the Food Security Bill helped in eliminating hunger and malnutrition in India? [2021/Q13/15m/250w]
  4. What are the reformative steps taken by the government to make food grain distribution system more effective?  [2019/Q13/15m/200w]
  5. What do you mean by Minimum Support Price (MSP)? How will MSP rescue the farmers from the low income trap?   [2018/Q3/10m/150w]

6] FOOD PROCESSING AND RELATED INDUSTRIES IN INDIA, SCOPE AND SIGNIFICANCE, LOCATION, UPSTREAM AND DOWNSTREAM REQUIREMENTS, SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

  1. Elaborate the scope and significance of the food processing industry in India [2022/Q4/10m/150w]
  2. What are the challenges and opportunities of food processing sector in the country? How can income of the farmers be substantially increased by encouraging food processing?[2020/Q4/10m/150w]
  3. Elaborate on the policy taken by the government of India to meet the challenges of the food processing sector.  [2019/Q14/15m/200w]

7] LAND REFORMS IN INDIA

  1. State the objectives and measures of land reforms in India. Discuss how land ceiling policy on landholding can be considered as an effective reform under economic criteria. [2023/Q4/10m/150w]
  2. How did land reforms in some parts of the country help to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers? [2021/Q3/10m/150w]

8] EFFECTS OF LIBERALIZATION ON THE ECONOMY, CHANGES IN INDUSTRIAL POLICY AND THEIR EFFECTS ON INDUSTRIAL GROWTH

No Questions for 2023-2018

9] INFRASTRUCTURE: ENERGY, PORTS, ROADS, AIRPORTS, RAILWAYS ETC

  1. Do you think India will meet 50 percent of its energy needs from renewable energy by 2030? Justify your answer. How will the shift of subsidies from fossil fuels to renewables help achieve the above objective? Explain. [2022/Q12/15m/250w]
  2. “Investment in infrastructure is essential for more rapid and inclusive economic growth. ”Discuss in the light of India’s experience. [2021/Q12/15m/250w]

10] INVESTMENT MODELS

  1. Why is Public Private Partnership (PPP) required in infrastructural projects? Examine the role of PPP model in the redevelopment of Railway Stations in India. [2022/Q1/10m/150w]
  2. Explain the meaning of investment in an economy in terms of capital formation. Discuss the factors to be considered while designing a concession agreement between a public entity and a private entity.       [2020/Q11/15m/200w]
  • Collection of more than 3200 Previous Year Questions (1995-2023)
  • All questions divided into 10 Subjects
  • Subject further sub-divided into more than 75 topics
  • All answers according to official answer key
  • BEST PYQ CLASSIFICATION EVER !
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