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1A) Art and Craft – Prelims PYQ – Explanations

2018 Questions

1] Ans: b) 1 and 2

  1. Chapchar Kut Festival – Mizoram:
    This pair is correct. Chapchar Kut is a traditional harvest festival celebrated in Mizoram.
  2. Khongjom Parba ballad – Manipur:
    This pair is also correct. Khongjom Parba is a ballad (poem/traditional stroy in song format) that commemorates the Battle of Khongjom, a historic event in Manipur.
  3. Thang-Ta dance – Sikkim:
    There is an error in the original option, as Thang-Ta is a traditional martial art form associated with Manipur, not Sikkim.

    Therefore, the correct pairs are 1 and 2. The corrected option is: b) 1 and 2

“Bani Thani” is a famous painting associated with the Kishangarh School of art. The Kishangarh School flourished under the patronage of the rulers of Kishangarh, a princely state in Rajasthan, India. The painting is renowned for its distinctive style and often depicts idealized and ethereal representations of love and beauty.

The Kishangarh School is known for its unique features, including elongated eyes and slender necks of the figures in the paintings. Bani Thani is one of the most celebrated paintings of this school and is often considered an epitome of classical Indian beauty.

3]  Ans: b) 2 and 4 only

  1. Most of the Tyagaraja Kritis are devotional songs in praise of Lord Krishna.
    • This statement is incorrect. Most of Tyagaraja’s compositions (kritis) are devotional songs dedicated to Lord Rama, not Lord Krishna.
  2. Tyagaraja created several new ragas.
    • This statement is correct. Tyagaraja is known for his contributions to Carnatic music, and he is credited with creating several new ragas.
  3. Annamacharya and Tyagaraja are contemporaries.
    • This statement is incorrect. Annamacharya and Tyagaraja were not contemporaries. Annamacharya lived in the 15th and early 16th centuries, while Tyagaraja lived in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  4. Annamacharya kirtanas are devotional songs in praise of Lord Venkateshwara.
    • This statement is correct. Annamacharya’s compositions, known as kirtanas, are indeed devotional songs, and many of them are dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara, a form of Lord Vishnu.

Based on the evaluation, the correct answer is: b) 2 and 4 only

4]  Ans: a) 1 only

  1. Puthukkuli Shawls – Tamil Nadu: This pair is correct. Puthukkuli Shawls are traditional handwoven shawls from Tamil Nadu.
  2. Sujni Embroidery – Maharashtra: This pair is incorrect. Sujni Embroidery is actually associated with the state of Bihar, not Maharashtra.
  3. Uppada Jamdani Saris – Karnataka: This pair is incorrect. Uppada Jamdani Saris are known for their origin in Uppada, Andhra Pradesh, not Karnataka.

Based on the evaluation, the correct answer is: a) 1 only

2017 Questions

1] Ans: b) 1 and 3 only

  1. It is a song and dance performance.
    This statement is correct. Manipuri Sankirtana is indeed a traditional song and dance performance.
  2. Cymbals are the only musical instruments used in the performance.
    The statement is incorrect. While cymbals, specifically small brass cymbals known as “Manjira,” are an essential and prominent musical instrument in Manipuri Sankirtana, they are not the only instruments used. In Manipuri Sankirtana, there is also the use of other musical instruments, such as the drum called “Pung.” The Pung is a barrel-shaped drum played with both hands, and it complements the rhythmic aspects of the performance along with the cymbals.
  3. It is performed to narrate the life and deeds of Lord Krishna.
    This statement is correct. Manipuri Sankirtana is a devotional performance that narrates the life and deeds of Lord Krishna.

Based on the evaluation, the correct answer is: d) 1 and 3 only

2015 Questions

1] Ans: a) A hand-painted cotton textile in South India

Kalamkari is a traditional Indian art form that involves hand-painting or block-printing on cotton fabric. It is particularly associated with regions in South India, such as Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The term “Kalamkari” is derived from the Persian words “kalam” (pen) and “kari” (craftsmanship), reflecting the use of a pen-like tool for freehand drawing or painting on fabric.

The artists use natural dyes to create vibrant and intricate designs, often depicting mythological or religious themes. Kalamkari textiles are known for their intricate detailing and are used for various purposes, including clothing and wall hangings.

2014 Questions

1] Ans: b) 1 and 2 only

  1. Sattriya is a combination of music, dance, and drama.
    This statement is correct. Sattriya is indeed a classical dance form that encompasses music, dance, and drama.
  2. It is a centuries-old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam.
    This statement is correct. Sattriya dance has its roots in the Vaishnavite monasteries (sattras) of Assam and has been practiced for centuries as part of their cultural and religious traditions.
  3. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir, and Mirabai.
    This statement is incorrect. Sattriya is primarily based on classical Ragas and Talas, but it is not specifically associated with the devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir, and Mirabai. Instead, it draws inspiration from the traditional Assamese music and devotional compositions known as “Borgeets.”

Based on the evaluation, the correct answer is: b) 1 and 2 only

2] Ans: d) It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India

Kalaripayattu is an ancient Indian martial art form that originated in the southern part of India, particularly in the state of Kerala. It is considered one of the oldest fighting systems in existence. Kalaripayattu includes strikes, kicks, grappling, and weaponry, and it incorporates elements of physical conditioning, self-defense, and traditional medicine.

Practitioners of Kalaripayattu are known as Kalari, and the training typically takes place in a special training area known as the Kalari. Kalaripayattu has not only been used for self-defense but is also considered a traditional art form with cultural significance. It is recognized for its dynamic movements, impressive acrobatics, and the use of various traditional weapons

3] Ans: c) 1 and 3 only

  1. Garba is a traditional dance form associated with the state of Gujarat, especially performed during the festival of Navratri.
  2. Mohiniattam is a classical dance form that originated in the state of Kerala, not Odisha.
  3. Yakshagana is a traditional dance-drama form that is popular in Karnataka.

4] Ans: b) 2 and 3 only

  1. Bhadrachalam: Bhadrachalam is not particularly famous for the production of traditional sarees/fabric. It is known for its historic Sri Sitaramachandra Swamy Temple, situated on the banks of the Godavari River.
  2. Chanderi: Chanderi is renowned for its traditional handwoven sarees and fabrics. Chanderi sarees are known for their fine texture, sheer texture, and zari work.
  3. Kancheepuram: Kancheepuram, also known as Kanchipuram, is famous for its silk sarees. Kancheepuram sarees are well-known for their rich silk fabric and vibrant colors, often featuring intricately woven zari work.
  4. Karnal: Karnal is not particularly known for the production of traditional sarees/fabric. It is a city in the state of Haryana, known for its agricultural significance.

Based on the above information, the correct answer is: b) 2 and 3 only

2013 Questions

1] Ans: a) One leg is bent and the body is slightly but oppositely curved at waist and neck

Tribhanga is a classical Indian dance pose that has been popular in the cultural history of India. The term “Tribhanga” literally means three bends, referring to the three bends or curves in the body – at the neck, waist, and knee. In this pose, the body is often bent in a graceful and rhythmic manner, creating an elegant and artistic form.

The pose is characterized by the bending of one leg, the opposite hip, and the neck, creating an S-shaped or serpentine-like posture. This pose is commonly associated with traditional Indian dance forms like Odissi and Bharatanatyam. It adds beauty and fluidity to the dancer’s movements and is considered a favorite among Indian artists for its aesthetic appeal and expressive qualities.

2012 Questions

1] Ans: b) 2 & 3 Only

  1. Dhrupad originated and developed in the Rajput Kingdom period.
    • This statement is incorrect. Dhrupad has ancient roots and predates the Rajput Kingdom period. It evolved in the medieval period, and its roots can be traced back to the ancient sacred music tradition of Samaveda.
  2. Dhrupad is primarily a devotional and spiritual music.
    • This statement is correct. Dhrupad is a genre of Hindustani classical music that is deeply rooted in devotional and spiritual themes. It often involves singing hymns, praises, and compositions that express a spiritual or devotional mood.
  3. Dhrupad Alap uses Sanskrit syllables from Mantras.
    • This statement is correct. Dhrupad Alap, the initial and improvisatory section of a Dhrupad performance, often involves the use of Sanskrit syllables from Mantras. The use of these syllables adds a spiritual and meditative dimension to the music.

2] Ans: a) Only 1 

  • Kuchipudi: This classical Indian dance form, originating in Andhra Pradesh, integrates storytelling through spoken dialogues and even singing. It allows dancers to express emotions and narrate stories alongside their movements.
  • Bharatanatyam: This dance form, originating in Tamil Nadu, relies solely on body language and facial expressions (abhinaya) to convey narratives and emotions. Spoken dialogues are not typically used in Bharatanatyam performances.

2010-1995 Questions

1] Ans: a) Dhurpad vocalists

The Gundecha Brothers, Umakant and Ramakant Gundecha, are renowned Dhrupad vocalists. Dhrupad is one of the oldest forms of classical music in the Indian tradition, and the Gundecha Brothers have contributed significantly to the promotion and preservation of this ancient musical style. They are known for their expertise in rendering Dhrupad compositions with precision and adherence to the traditional principles of this classical art form.

2] Ans: d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

  • Amrita Sher-Gil (1913-1941): A prominent Indian painter known for her unique blend of Western and Indian art styles.
  • Bikash Bhattacharjee (1940-2018): A renowned Indian sculptor and installation artist known for his thought-provoking and often political works.
  • N. S. Bendre (1890-1962): A significant Indian painter and art teacher known for his abstract and expressionist works.
  • Subodh Gupta (born 1964): A celebrated contemporary Indian artist known for his large-scale installations and sculptures often exploring themes of globalization and consumerism.

3] Ans: c)Both 1 and 2

Statement 1:|
Correct: The National School of Drama (NSD) was indeed established by the Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1959.

Statement 2:
Mostly correct: The highest honor bestowed by the Sahitya Akademi is indeed the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship. However, it is not just awarded to male writers. The Fellowship is given to eminent Indian writers, regardless of gender, in recognition of their lifetime contribution to literature in any of the 22 Indian languages recognized by the Constitution of India.

Therefore, while the core information in both statements remains accurate, a slight modification is needed to reflect the inclusivity of the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship.

4] Ans: a) 2 1 4 3

  • Mandakini Amte (A): Known for social service and community leadership, particularly in the field of healthcare and social work.
  • Neelam Mansingh Chowdhry (B): Well-known for theatre direction. She is a renowned Indian theatre director and has contributed significantly to the world of performing arts.
  • Romila Thapar (C): A distinguished historian known for her work in history writing.
  • Vanashree Rao (D): Known for dance. Vanashree Rao is a renowned Indian classical dancer.

5] Ans: c) 2 and 3 only

  1. Gatka, a traditional martial art: KeralaIncorrect. Gatka is a martial art form traditionally practiced in Punjab, not Kerala.
  2. Madhubani, a traditional painting: BiharCorrect. Madhubani painting is an iconic folk art form originating from the Mithila region of Bihar.
  3. Singhey Khababs Sindhu Darshan Festival: Jammu KashmirCorrect. The Sindhu Darshan Festival, known for its traditional food like Singhey Khababs, is celebrated in Jammu and Kashmir.

6] Ans: b) 2 4 1 3

  • Amrita Sher-Gil (a): Well-known as a painter. She was an iconic Indian painter, often considered one of the pioneers of modern Indian art.
  • Bhimsen Joshi (b): Well-known as a singer. He was one of the most celebrated Hindustani classical vocalists in India.
  • Rukmini Devi Arundale (c): Well-known as a dancer. She was a renowned dancer and the founder of Kalakshetra, an academy of dance and music.
  • Suryakant Tripathi Nirala (d): Well-known as a poet. He was an influential Hindi poet, novelist, essayist, and story writer.

7] Ans: a) Manipuri

Bimbavati Devi is a renowned Manipuri dancer. Manipuri is one of the classical dance forms of India, and it originates from the northeastern state of Manipur. Bimbavati Devi has contributed significantly to the promotion and preservation of Manipuri dance, showcasing its unique movements, costumes, and storytelling elements.

8] Ans: c) 2 4 1 3

  • Bhajan Sopori (A): Known as an exponent of Santoor, which is a musical instrument.
  • Birju Maharaj (B): Known as a Kathak dancer, one of the foremost exponents of the Kathak dance form.
  • Priyadarsini Govind (C): Known as a Bharatnatyam dancer, excelling in the South Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam.
  • T.V. Gopalakrishnan (D): Known as a Mridangam maestro, an expert in playing the Mridangam, a percussion instrument.

9] Ans: a) 4 2 1 3

  • A. Mon – 4 (Nagaland)
    Mon is a district in Nagaland known for its traditional handicrafts.
  • B. Nalbari – 2 (Assam)
    Nalbari is a district in Assam known for its handloom and handicraft products.
  • C. Pasighat – 1 (Arunachal Pradesh)
    Pasighat is a town in Arunachal Pradesh where various traditional handicrafts are practiced.
  • D. Tura – 3 (Meghalaya)
    Tura is a town in Meghalaya known for its unique handicrafts made by the local artisans.

10] Ans: c) Gangubai Hangal

Gangubai Hangal was a renowned Hindustani classical singer. She was a prominent figure in the field of Indian classical music, specializing in the Khyal genre. Her contributions to the world of music earned her recognition and accolades in the Hindustani classical music tradition.

11] Ans: d) Yamini Krishnamurthy

Yamini Krishnamurthy, the renowned Indian classical dancer, was presented with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Award in 2005 for her lifetime achievement in dance. She is celebrated for her contributions to Bharatanatyam and Kuchipudi, two major classical dance forms of India.

12] Ans: c) Ronu Mazumdar

Ronu Majumdar is well known as an exponent of the flute. He is an accomplished Indian classical flautist who has made significant contributions to the world of music, particularly in the field of Hindustani classical music.

Raga Todi is traditionally associated with early morning performances. It evokes a sense of peace and tranquility, making it suitable for the beginning of the day. While other listed Ragas have their own specific times and moods, Todi stands out for its early morning association.

14] Ans: a) I, III and IV

I. It is performed by Chakiar caste.

  • Chakiarkoothu is indeed performed by the Chakiar community in Kerala.

II. It cannot be traditionally witnessed by the higher caste Hindus.

  • This statement is not accurate. Chakiarkoothu performances were traditionally performed in the temple premises and could be witnessed by people, including higher caste Hindus.

III. Mizhavu is the accompanying instrument.

  • Mizhavu is indeed one of the main accompanying instruments used in Chakiarkoothu performances.

IV. Its theatre form is called koothambalam.

  • The theater form specifically associated with Chakiarkoothu is called Koothambalam. Koothambalam is a structure or a special theater space where traditional performing arts like Chakiarkoothu are staged.

Abanindranath Tagore was a key figure in the Bengal School of Art and played a significant role in the revival of traditional Indian art forms. His paintings were characterized by a revivalistic approach, emphasizing the use of traditional Indian styles, themes, and techniques. Abanindranath Tagore sought to break away from Western influences and revive the richness of Indian artistic traditions in his work.

16] Ans: a) Korku: Maharashtra

  • Korku (a): Maharashtra
    • This pair is not correctly matched. Korku is a tribal community primarily found in central India, including the states of Madhya Pradesh and parts of Chattisgarh
  • Jhummar (b): Haryana
    • This pair is correctly matched. Jhummar is a traditional dance form popular in the Punjab region, which includes Haryana.
  • Thali (c): Himachal Pradesh
    • This pair is correctly matched. Thali is a folk dance form from Himachal Pradesh.
  • Mukna (d): Manipur
    • This pair is correctly matched. Mukna is a traditional martial art form from Manipur.

17] Ans: a) Bharatanatyam

Bharatanatyam is a classical dance form from South India, and it often involves solo performances. In Bharatanatyam, a single dancer typically performs intricate movements, expressions, and storytelling elements, making it a predominantly solo dance form. While group performances are also possible in Bharatanatyam, solo performances are a common and significant aspect of this classical dance.

18] Ans: c) Ankia Nat – Assam

  • Naqqual (a) – Bihar: This pair is not correctly matched. Naqqaal is a traditional form of theatre in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Tamasha (b) – Orissa: This pair is not correctly matched. Tamasha is a traditional form of theatre in Maharashtra.
  • Ankia Nat (c) – Assam: This pair is correctly matched. Ankia Nat is a traditional form of Assamese one-act plays associated with the medieval saint and cultural icon, Srimanta Sankardeva.
  • Baha (d) – Punjab: This pair is not correctly matched. Baha is not a traditional form associated with Punjab.

19] Ans: d) Kalighata

  • Pahari, Rajasthani, and Kangra painting styles: These all originated from regions directly or indirectly influenced by the Mughal Empire. They adopted and adapted elements from the Mughal style, incorporating them into their own unique forms.
  • Kalighata painting style: This style emerged in the 19th century in West Bengal, particularly around the Kalighat Kali Temple in Kolkata. It developed as a distinct school and was not significantly influenced by the Mughal style, which had declined by that time.

Note: The AI tools have been used in generation of this content. However, we have also taken care to fact-check important parts of the explanation.

If there is any error/mistake in the explanations, please comment below. We will resolve your query at the earliest.

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